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RFID in the logistics management application case
Mar 07, 2018

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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is "a non-contact automatic identification technology using radio frequency communication.RFID tag has the characteristics of small size, large capacity, long life, reusable, etc., to support fast read and write, Non-visual identification, mobile identification, multi-target identification, positioning and long-term tracking management "[1] Modern logistics is based on advanced IT technology, integrated services, personnel, technology, information and management, is a modern mode of production, Business management, information technology combined in the field of logistics reflects the social logistics and corporate logistics it organically integrated together, including procurement logistics, production logistics and sales logistics. Modern logistics management is a new type of integrated management that integrates logistics activities such as information, transportation, warehousing, inventory, loading and unloading, and packaging with the task of minimizing the total cost of logistics and providing the best service to customers "[2] RFID technology has adapted modern logistics to the requirement of" visible and controllable "throughout production, storage, sales, transportation and distribution. Therefore, RFID technology has great advantages in the field of logistics management. The company is located in:

Case one. Wal-Mart's "new weapons"

On June 19, 2003, at the "Retail Systems Exhibition" in Chicago, the United States, Wal-Mart announced that it will adopt RFID technology to eventually replace the currently widely used bar code and become the first company to formally adopt the technology schedule. . If suppliers do not meet this requirement in 2008, they may lose their eligibility to supply Wal-Mart, while about 70% of Wal-Mart's suppliers come from China. Can take the top spot in the retail industry, Wal-Mart's successful collection on the blog filled with dense technology to build efficient logistics system to ensure the competitive cost advantage. It can be seen that all of the technologies are invariably focused on improving the core competitiveness of supply chain and logistics management. As the youngest CIO Kevin Turner in Wal-Mart's history, he persuaded company founder Sam Walton to set up the world's largest mobile computing network and to promote Wal-Mart's introduction of electronic tags. If the success of RFID program, Wal-Mart's famous supply chain management will be a big step forward. On the one hand, it can obtain accurate information flow in real time, improve monitoring in the logistics process, reduce unnecessary links and losses in the logistics process, and reduce the safe inventory and working capital in all aspects of the supply chain. On the other hand, The monitoring of the final sales, the consumer spending preferences in a timely manner to report out to help Wal-Mart to adjust and optimize the product structure, thereby obtaining higher customer satisfaction and loyalty. The company is located in:

Case 2. The Ministry of Railways scheduling weapon China's railway vehicle scheduling system is the most successful case of RFID applications. The company is located in:

Ministry of Railways in the Chinese railway vehicle number automatic identification system construction, launched a completely independent intellectual property rights of the long-range automatic identification system. In the mid-1990s, a number of research institutes in China participated in the research of this technology and eventually determined RFID technology as the best solution to solve the problem of "automatic car number recovery" in various implementations. In the past, the dispatching of the domestic railway locomotives was based on manual statistics, carried out by hand, taking some time and not accurate enough, resulting in a huge waste of resources. After adopting the RFID technology, the Ministry of Railways realizes the real-time statistics and automation, reduces the management cost and improves the resource utilization rate. According to statistics, the annual direct economic benefits can reach more than 300 million yuan. This is the only national network using RFID in China, but the only drawback is that the system is still closed and can not be connected with other systems. If this system is open, it will be helpful to promote the informatization and standardization of the logistics industry as a whole. This will help the technology like RFID to be more effectively applied and facilitate the full circulation of logistics. The company is located in:

Case three. RFID military applications. The company is located in:

There are more than 20 bases for local garrisons in a certain Chinese naval unit, of which about 15 are subordinated to each base station. A large amount of military supplies needs to be distributed through headquarters according to the daily needs of each division. Usually military logistics storage The multi-level packaging mode of the article is "small box -> middle box -> pallet -> container". In the traditional logistics management, it takes a lot of manpower and material resources to record and update the items in the boxes or containers Type, quantity, specification, distribution base and so on, which are inefficient and often prone to miss-picking or mistaking, have brought a certain impact on the daily training and life of the garrisons at various bases. In order to achieve the efficiency and visibility of daily military logistics management, the ministry started to use Inynold's RFID intelligent material management program to manage the storage, transportation and distribution of military logistics logistics in 2006. At present, this RFID technology solution has been widely applied and popularized in the domestic military logistics management. 1. The RFID tag affixed to the warehouse tray, packing box or loose mixed items, the tag records the item name, specifications, serial number, place of origin, quantity and other information and attributes. 2. Materials Whether in the warehousing, out of the library in all aspects, can be installed in pre-installed fixed RFID reader or RFID handheld terminal inventory scanning inventory to complete the automatic identification of material information, acquisition, recording, etc. Intelligent workflow 3. At the same time the use of military private network to upload data to Inocontel Asset Management Information System sharing, command center will be able to get real-time information storage of goods. The management and application of intelligent military materials greatly speed up the flow of materials in the military supply, reduce manual errors, reduce management costs and improve the efficiency of warehouse management. Meanwhile, it can quickly and accurately locate a large number of goods and materials urgently needed Items The company is located in:

Conclusion

Application of RFID in Logistics Management. Although RFID technology is widely used in the logistics industry, supply chain and logistics management are the most important applications of RFID technology. Mainly in the following areas: Procurement, manufacturing, storage, distribution and distribution, transportation, retail and after-sales service. Although the application of RFID in the logistics industry has great advantages, but this is still the initial stage of application. The cost is a big problem. Especially for the low-cost items, the cost of labeling is even more crucial. Of course, with the continuous maturation of RFID technology and the mass production of RFID tags, RFID tags will be gradually popularized. In addition, RFID standards and protocols are not unified, making labels from different manufacturers are not compatible with each other, the same reader can not identify labels produced by different manufacturers, also led to RFID has not been universal.